Cooking terms in English part one

What actions do you when you are cooking? Here is a list of vocabulary for the various actions we take when we cook.

cut, cut the red pepper
slice, slice the cheese
chop, chop the onion
mix, mix the flour, milk and eggs
stir, stir the vegetables and the meat
whisk, whisk the milk and eggs

stir and mix are very similar. Usually we say stir when cooking and mix before cooking. you can use either one.

whisk is when you mix using a whisk

grind, grind the spices using a mortar and pestle
blend, blend the ingredients
knead, knead the dough until smooth
roll, roll out the dough

low heat, turn down to low heat
medium heat, put on medium heat
high heat, heat the pan over high heat
roast, roast the beef on medium heat for two hours
toast, toast the bread
bake, bake the cupcakes for twenty minutes

roast and bake are almost identical in meaning. There is almost no difference between the actions. Roast usually takes a long time. a few hours.

steam, steam the vegetables
boil, boil the water
simmer, simmer for twenty minutes

usually a recipe will ask you to bring to the boil and then simmer this means to boil and then reduce the heat

deep fry, deep fry the potatoes until brown
fry, fry the onions in the pan

the difference between deep fry and fry is the amount of oil you use. deep frying uses more oil.

pour, pour the egg mixture into the pan

pour is often used with in or into e.g. pour the mix into the frying pan.

barbeque, barbeque the meat and vegetables
grill, grill the fish for two minutes

barbeque can also be an action e.g. lets barbeque the steaks

That said the action you are doing on the BBQ is the same action as grill e.g. let’s grill the steaks on the BBQ.

serve, serve the food

Once you are finished cooking you can serve the food.

This has been vocabulary for cooking, next week we will do a vocabulary building blog on ingredients.

The strangest form of transport

Saturday Class November 17th 2018

What is the strangest form of transport you’ve ever seen?

My answer to this question would have to be in Vietnam. The transport wasn’t strange to me but the way it was being used was. In Vietnam a scooter can be a family car.

Image result for scooter family vietnam
It really is amazing how many people they can get on a scooter

It is probably a lot of fun for the children and cheap for the parents. In Vietnam the scooter is the most common form of transport. 

Related image
They are everywhere

One thing I noticed while I was in Vietnam was how few crossings there were. I also noticed that there weren’t many traffic lights. So if you want to cross the road you just cross. Don’t run, don’t stop. Just keep walking straight and you won’t get hit.

Image result for crossing the road in vietnam
Just keep walking

I found it fascinating although the people I was travelling with thought it was terrifying.

The next step was to do some research. I asked the students to do their own research into unusual forms of transportation using their smart phones. After doing a bit of research they had to answer the following five questions:

Where is it?

Why do people like it?

How much does it cost?

How many people use this kind of transportation?

Would you like to use it? why? why not?

I did some research and found these interesting forms of transport. I’d like to try them all.

All of them show the ingenuity of humans. I personally would love to own a Jeepney.  Not as a job but as a personal treasure.

Do you know Australian Football?

It’s not soccer, rugby or Grid iron. It’s arguably better than all three. Certainly a lot more enjoyable to watch anyway. Australian Football is a sport unique to Australia. If you could mix all of the above sports into one you’d have something like AFL. it’s very popular. Most of the professional games have at least 30,000 people attending and that’s considered a small crowd. The big matches have up to 90,000 people. The grand final is always a sell out with over 100,000 people going.  So what is this sport and why is it so popular?

Here is a highlights video from last year’s grand final. While watching I wonder if you can answer the following questions:

What do you need to play?

Where do people play it?

How many people do you need to play it?

How do you play it?

Could you answer the questions? It’s a bit tough, fortunately the Australian Football League made a video to help explain this wonderful sport.

Thank you to AFL for making such an easy to understand video.

I hope you all get to see this game live one day. It’s a really exciting sport to watch. Oh and in case you are wondering. Women also play it. Here is the grand final highlights for the women’s professional league, go Brisbane!

Have you ever heard of Car Curling?

The following is an example of a presentation about an interesting sport.

It includes:

What the sport is, what you need to play, how many people you need to play and how to play it.

After reading you can research about an interesting sport too.

A New Russian Sport

I just learned about a new sport this month. It’s called Car Curling. Do you know it? Have you ever seen Curling before? In curling you push a heavy stone along the ice to get it near the target. Car Curling is the same but you don’t use stones. You use old cars. To play you need a a frozen road or an ice rink, some cars, a driver and some assistants. There are two ways to play. The first way you only need two people in each team, a driver and an assistant. The driver starts the car and drives along the icy road. At the assistant’s signal the driver pulls the handbrake up and guides the car to the target. The second way to play, which you can see below, is where the car engine isn’t used. Lots of assistants push the car until it’s fast enough to slide down the ice towards the target. Both look like fun. It could make for a great winter festival activity.

 

Stressing Key words in Presentations

Thursday and Saturday Adult Class week 4 of September 2018

Image result for word stress

Focus questions:

What does key word mean?

What does stress mean?

Why do we stress key words?

A key word is a word in a sentence that is important.

To stress a word means to say it louder and clearer than the other words.

We stress key words while speaking or giving presentations to help the audience understand easier. It gives the audience words they can hook onto while listening.

Image result for hook onto something

How do you know if a word is a key word?

Look at a sentence and circle what information you think is the most important. That is the key word of that sentence.

Can a sentence have more than one key word?

Yes, a sentence can have more than one key word.

The sentence “Look at a sentence and circle what information you think is the most important.” has at least three words that I would stress. Can you find them?

So next time you give a presentation think about saying key pieces of information a little louder and clearer to help your audience understand your speech.

Saturday Adult Class August 2018

Clothing

Vocabulary:

When do people wear the above clothes?

Which are menswear and which are womenswear?

Make a t-chart for all the menswear and womenswear you can think of:

Menswear Womenswear
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Do the same for summer and winter.

How else can you categorise clothing?

Talking about clothes

Imagine you are shopping with a friend of yours. You are trying on clothes. How can you say what you don’t like about an item?

EPSON MFP image

Why doesn’t she like the shirt? She doesn’t like the colour. It’s ______________________.

EPSON MFP image

Why doesn’t she like the shirt? She doesn’t like the size. It’s __________________.

For the first one we can use the word wrong.

It’s the wrong colour.

For the second one we can use the word too.

It’s too small.

Look back at the vocabulary pictures, make sentences with wrong or too to talk about why you don’t like each clothing.

For example:  I don’t want to buy the blue dress. It’s too old fashioned.