What actions do you when you are cooking? Here is a list of vocabulary for the various actions we take when we cook.
cut, cut the red pepper
slice, slice the cheese
chop, chop the onion
mix, mix the flour, milk and eggs
stir, stir the vegetables and the meat
whisk, whisk the milk and eggs
stir and mix are very similar. Usually we say stir when cooking and mix before cooking. you can use either one.
whisk is when you mix using a whisk
grind, grind the spices using a mortar and pestle
blend, blend the ingredients
knead, knead the dough until smooth
roll, roll out the dough
low heat medium heat high heat
low heat, turn down to low heat
medium heat, put on medium heat
high heat, heat the pan over high heat
roast, roast the beef on medium heat for two hours
toast, toast the bread
bake, bake the cupcakes for twenty minutes
roast and bake are almost identical in meaning. There is almost no difference between the actions. Roast usually takes a long time. a few hours.
steam, steam the vegetables
boil, boil the water
simmer, simmer for twenty minutes
usually a recipe will ask you to
bring to the boil and then simmer this means to boil and then reduce the heat
deep fry fry
deep fry, deep fry the potatoes until brown
fry, fry the onions in the pan
the difference between deep fry and fry is the amount of oil you use. deep frying uses more oil.
pour, pour the egg mixture into the pan
pour is often used with in or into e.g. pour the mix into the frying pan.
barbeque, barbeque the meat and vegetables
grill, grill the fish for two minutes
barbeque can also be an action e.g. lets barbeque the steaks
That said the action you are doing on the BBQ is the same action as grill e.g. let’s grill the steaks on the BBQ.
serve, serve the food
Once you are finished cooking you can serve the food.
This has been vocabulary for cooking, next week we will do a vocabulary building blog on ingredients.
Thursday Adult Class November 15th 2018
(describe means what that person is like)
In groups we came up with a list of adjectives we could use to describe a person.
Here is the list we came up with:
a person who is good towards other people
a person who makes others feel relaxed
and happy around them
a person who makes you laugh.
it can also be a person who is strange
a person who acts the way a friend would
to other people (not just friends of theirs)
a person who says nice things about
people and situations
a person who believes good things will
a person who has difficulty communicating
with new people
a person who causes other people to be alarmed
a person who has good manners within their
a person who often buys presents for
people or often gives money to charity
a person who makes other people’s life
a person who understands new ideas
a person who is often violent or angry
towards other people
a person who talks about things that are
a person who has high reasoning ability
a person who is often smiling and laughing
a person who will challenge themselves to
do things others wouldn’t
a person who wouldn’t hurt others
a person who doesn’t show off their abilities
a person who feels that what they do is
insignificant or says they are not significant
a person who wants to know how everything
works and why
a person how is peaceful and regularly relaxed
a person who can do a lot of work
a person who is often impolite, doesn’t
respect other’s feelings
a person who wants to travel the world,
meet people and have an adventure.
Do you know which worlds are positive personality traits and which ones are negative?
Categorise the words above into positive, negative, neutral or both.
Can you add more to the list?
Which personality traits are valued in your country?
Which personality traits would you use to describe
It’s not soccer, rugby or Grid iron. It’s arguably better than all three. Certainly a lot more enjoyable to watch anyway. Australian Football is a sport unique to Australia. If you could mix all of the above sports into one you’d have something like AFL. it’s very popular. Most of the professional games have at least 30,000 people attending and that’s considered a small crowd. The big matches have up to 90,000 people. The grand final is always a sell out with over 100,000 people going. So what is this sport and why is it so popular?
Here is a highlights video from last year’s grand final. While watching I wonder if you can answer the following questions:
What do you need to play?
Where do people play it?
How many people do you need to play it?
How do you play it?
Could you answer the questions? It’s a bit tough, fortunately the Australian Football League made a video to help explain this wonderful sport.
Thank you to AFL for making such an easy to understand video.
I hope you all get to see this game live one day. It’s a really exciting sport to watch. Oh and in case you are wondering. Women also play it. Here is the grand final highlights for the women’s professional league, go Brisbane!
The following is an example of a presentation about an interesting sport.
What the sport is, what you need to play, how many people you need to play and how to play it.
After reading you can research about an interesting sport too.
A New Russian Sport
I just learned about a new sport this month. It’s called Car Curling. Do you know it? Have you ever seen Curling before? In curling you push a heavy stone along the ice to get it near the target. Car Curling is the same but you don’t use stones. You use old cars. To play you need a a frozen road or an ice rink, some cars, a driver and some assistants. There are two ways to play. The first way you only need two people in each team, a driver and an assistant. The driver starts the car and drives along the icy road. At the assistant’s signal the driver pulls the handbrake up and guides the car to the target. The second way to play, which you can see below, is where the car engine isn’t used. Lots of assistants push the car until it’s fast enough to slide down the ice towards the target. Both look like fun. It could make for a great winter festival activity.
Thursday and Saturday Adult Class week 4 of September 2018
What does key word mean?
What does stress mean?
Why do we stress key words?
A key word is a word in a sentence that is important.
To stress a word means to say it louder and clearer than the other words.
We stress key words while speaking or giving presentations to help the audience understand easier. It gives the audience words they can hook onto while listening.
How do you know if a word is a key word?
Look at a sentence and circle what information you think is the most important. That is the key word of that sentence.
Can a sentence have more than one key word?
Yes, a sentence can have more than one key word.
“Look at a sentence and circle what information you think is the most important.” has at least three words that I would stress. Can you find them?
So next time you give a presentation think about saying key pieces of information a little louder and clearer to help your audience understand your speech.
First we looked at the difference between the following words:
On the left are be verbs (is, am, are) and the auxiliary verbs do and does.
On the right is a brief description of how we use it.
Make questions using each one.
Are you interested in sports?
Is he into lifting weights?
Am I right?
Do you enjoy cardio
Does it hurt when you do yoga?
After that we did a find someone who activity
doesn’t like basketball
can’t stand lifting weights
likes table tennis
doesn’t like swimming
is interested in fishing
prefers pizza to pasta
Make questions for each one. Ask another question for more information.
What do you like?
What do you enjoy?
What don’t you like?
What do hate?
What’s your answer to those questions?
What’s the difference between something you like and something you enjoy? Or are they the same?
What’s the difference between something you hate and something you don’t like?
Can you finish the following sentences?
I enjoy . . .
I love . . .
I like . . .
I don’t like . . .
I dislike . . .
I am interested in . . .
I hate . . .
I prefer . . .
I can’t stand . . .
What type of words did you write after it?
Here’s some examples:
reading in my free time.
I don’t like
natto. All of these words are nouns. Notice that we don’t use a/an/the.
Do you know what
and can’t stand mean? prefer
If you can’t stand something it means you hate it so much that nothing would convince you to do it. You can also use it to describe situations that really annoy you.
can’t stand long pointless meetings. A short pointless meeting is OK, I can stand that, but a long one. No way.
Prefer is discussing liking one thing over another thing.
prefer Thai curries to Indian curries.
I wish there was a Thai restaurant in my town.
Now go back to that list of sentences using enjoy, like, don’t like, dislike, prefer, can’t stand, am interested in, hate etc.
Can you give a reason why?
If you can, find someone to talk to, ask them about their preferences and ask for a reason why?
If you don’t know anyone, go back to your list of sentences and write the reason for each one. Imagine you have to convince someone.