Do you know Australian Football?

It’s not soccer, rugby or Grid iron. It’s arguably better than all three. Certainly a lot more enjoyable to watch anyway. Australian Football is a sport unique to Australia. If you could mix all of the above sports into one you’d have something like AFL. it’s very popular. Most of the professional games have at least 30,000 people attending and that’s considered a small crowd. The big matches have up to 90,000 people. The grand final is always a sell out with over 100,000 people going.  So what is this sport and why is it so popular?

Here is a highlights video from last year’s grand final. While watching I wonder if you can answer the following questions:

What do you need to play?

Where do people play it?

How many people do you need to play it?

How do you play it?

Could you answer the questions? It’s a bit tough, fortunately the Australian Football League made a video to help explain this wonderful sport.

Thank you to AFL for making such an easy to understand video.

I hope you all get to see this game live one day. It’s a really exciting sport to watch. Oh and in case you are wondering. Women also play it. Here is the grand final highlights for the women’s professional league, go Brisbane!

Have you ever heard of Car Curling?

The following is an example of a presentation about an interesting sport.

It includes:

What the sport is, what you need to play, how many people you need to play and how to play it.

After reading you can research about an interesting sport too.

A New Russian Sport

I just learned about a new sport this month. It’s called Car Curling. Do you know it? Have you ever seen Curling before? In curling you push a heavy stone along the ice to get it near the target. Car Curling is the same but you don’t use stones. You use old cars. To play you need a a frozen road or an ice rink, some cars, a driver and some assistants. There are two ways to play. The first way you only need two people in each team, a driver and an assistant. The driver starts the car and drives along the icy road. At the assistant’s signal the driver pulls the handbrake up and guides the car to the target. The second way to play, which you can see below, is where the car engine isn’t used. Lots of assistants push the car until it’s fast enough to slide down the ice towards the target. Both look like fun. It could make for a great winter festival activity.


Stressing Key words in Presentations

Thursday and Saturday Adult Class week 4 of September 2018

Image result for word stress

Focus questions:

What does key word mean?

What does stress mean?

Why do we stress key words?

A key word is a word in a sentence that is important.

To stress a word means to say it louder and clearer than the other words.

We stress key words while speaking or giving presentations to help the audience understand easier. It gives the audience words they can hook onto while listening.

Image result for hook onto something

How do you know if a word is a key word?

Look at a sentence and circle what information you think is the most important. That is the key word of that sentence.

Can a sentence have more than one key word?

Yes, a sentence can have more than one key word.

The sentence “Look at a sentence and circle what information you think is the most important.” has at least three words that I would stress. Can you find them?

So next time you give a presentation think about saying key pieces of information a little louder and clearer to help your audience understand your speech.

Thursday Adult Class September 20th 2018

First we looked at the difference between the following words:

On the left are be verbs (is, am, are) and the auxiliary verbs do and does.

On the right is a brief description of how we use it.

grammar cards

Make questions using each one.


Are you interested in sports?

Is he into lifting weights?

Am I right?

Do you enjoy cardio

Does it hurt when you do yoga?

After that we did a find someone who activity

  you someone who extra information
enjoys cardio      
loves hiking      
doesn’t like basketball      
can’t stand lifting weights      
likes table tennis      
doesn’t like swimming      
is interested in fishing      
prefers pizza to pasta      
dislikes volleyball      
hates dance      

Make questions for each one. Ask another question for more information.

Talking about preferences

What do you like?

What do you enjoy?

What don’t you like?

What do hate?

What’s your answer to those questions?

What’s the difference between something you like and something you enjoy? Or are they the same?

What’s the difference between something you hate and something you don’t like?

Can you finish the following sentences?

I enjoy . . .

I love . . .

I like . . .

I don’t like . . .

I dislike . . .

I am interested in . .  .

I hate . .  .

I prefer . . .

I can’t stand . . .

What type of words did you write after it?

Here’s some examples:

I enjoy reading in my free time.

I love curry.

I don’t like natto.

All of these words are nouns. Notice that we don’t use a/an/the.

Do you know what can’t stand and prefer mean?

If you can’t stand something it means you hate it so much that nothing would convince you to do it. You can also use it to describe situations that really annoy you.

Such as:

I can’t stand long pointless meetings. A short pointless meeting is OK, I can stand that, but a long one. No way.

Image result for flip the table

Prefer is discussing liking one thing over another thing.

for example:

I prefer Thai curries to Indian curries.

Image result for thai curry

I wish there was a Thai restaurant in my town.

Now go back to that list of sentences using enjoy, like, don’t like, dislike, prefer, can’t stand, am interested in, hate etc.

Can you give a reason why?

If you can, find someone to talk to, ask them about their preferences and ask for a reason why?

If you don’t know anyone, go back to your list of sentences and write the reason for each one. Imagine you have to convince someone.

Making Eye Contact when presenting

Middle level English Adult Class week 3 August 2018

The goal of this lesson was to practice giving eye contact and why it is important.

The members of the class had to give a speech in front of their group. Every time they looked at a team mate that person would raise their arm.

What followed was a discussion about how the audience members felt when the presenter made eye contact.

Everyone in the class felt happier and more engaged with the speech when the presenter made eye contact with them. They also felt the presenter was more interesting and passionate about the speech.

We followed this by discussing how the presented felt.

As the presented they felt more comfortable and relaxed as they made eye contact with the audience. It made them feel happier and more connected. It felt less like they were giving a speech and more like they were talking.

The conclusion was that making eye contact improved your presenting by making a greater connection between you and the audience.

Week 1 August Middle Level class 2018

Where do you shop?

Vocabulary for this week:

department store (noun) : a single large shop where you can buy many different goods which are placed in different categories.

expensive (adjective) ɛkspɛnsɪv costing a lot of money.

affordable (adjective) əfɔːdəbəl inexpensive; reasonably priced.

fashionable (adjective) faʃənəbəl dressing or behaving according to the current trend.

trendy (adjective) trɛndi very fashionable or up to date.

helpful (adjective) hɛlpfʊl make it easier or possible for someone else to do something by offering them services or resources.

trendier (adjective) comparative form of trendy

If you have a stretch 2 textbook from Oxford University Publishing there is a reading you can do on page 11

Using the vocabulary above and vocabulary you already know fill in the following t-chart comparing department stores with small clothing shops (small clothing shops are independent shops)

  Department Store Small clothing shops


Finally which do you think is better shopping online or shopping in stores?

First make three arguments for why shopping online is better

Now make three arguments for why shopping in stores is better

Now you are ready for a debate. If you don’t have someone to debate with you can do solitaire debate.

To play solitaire debate. make an argument against the six points you wrote above. For example:

I prefer shopping online because you can buy anything online.

I agree you can buy anything online but it can be hard to tell if that is what you actually wanted.


I prefer shopping in stores because it’s more enjoyable to window shop.

Window shopping can be fun but it isn’t fun when the place is too crowded.