Cooking terms in English part one

What actions do you when you are cooking? Here is a list of vocabulary for the various actions we take when we cook.

cut, cut the red pepper
slice, slice the cheese
chop, chop the onion
mix, mix the flour, milk and eggs
stir, stir the vegetables and the meat
whisk, whisk the milk and eggs

stir and mix are very similar. Usually we say stir when cooking and mix before cooking. you can use either one.

whisk is when you mix using a whisk

grind, grind the spices using a mortar and pestle
blend, blend the ingredients
knead, knead the dough until smooth
roll, roll out the dough

low heat, turn down to low heat
medium heat, put on medium heat
high heat, heat the pan over high heat
roast, roast the beef on medium heat for two hours
toast, toast the bread
bake, bake the cupcakes for twenty minutes

roast and bake are almost identical in meaning. There is almost no difference between the actions. Roast usually takes a long time. a few hours.

steam, steam the vegetables
boil, boil the water
simmer, simmer for twenty minutes

usually a recipe will ask you to bring to the boil and then simmer this means to boil and then reduce the heat

deep fry, deep fry the potatoes until brown
fry, fry the onions in the pan

the difference between deep fry and fry is the amount of oil you use. deep frying uses more oil.

pour, pour the egg mixture into the pan

pour is often used with in or into e.g. pour the mix into the frying pan.

barbeque, barbeque the meat and vegetables
grill, grill the fish for two minutes

barbeque can also be an action e.g. lets barbeque the steaks

That said the action you are doing on the BBQ is the same action as grill e.g. let’s grill the steaks on the BBQ.

serve, serve the food

Once you are finished cooking you can serve the food.

This has been vocabulary for cooking, next week we will do a vocabulary building blog on ingredients.

June 2018 High School

This month we studied relationships. i.e. How you know someone.

Here is the Vocabulary:

PERSONAL RELATIONSHIPS friend

partner

husband

wife

relative

roommate

More personal relationship words

 

mother (in-law)

father (in-law)

sister (in-law

brother (in-law)

daughter (in-law)

son (in-law)

grandmother

grandfather

aunt

uncle

cousin

step- (father, mother)

half – (brother, sister)

ex- wife/husband

nuclear family

extended family

couple

companion

significant other

best friend

old friend

friend from (high school)

PROFESSIONAL RELATIONSHIPS

 

boss

customer

colleague

coworker

client

More professional relationships

 

contractor

competitor

business partner

rival

former boss

OTHER RELATIONSHIPS administrator

teacher

stranger

neighbor

classmate

We also learnt words for talking about relationships:

More verbs to discuss relationships

 

get along with

have a good relationship with

look up to

rebel against

compete with

hit it off

have a crush on

flirt with

go out with

break up with

to date

to be/get engaged to

Idioms about relationships fair-weather friend

keep someone at arm’s length

be at odds with somebody

be on the same wavelength

be on nodding terms with someone

be crazy about someone

go out with someone

The grammar point for the month was a range of tenses. Here is a summary:

2verb tense cards 

verb tense cards

We also practised our viewing skills using the following video from English Firsthand 2:

In the final week we looked at talking about bad news. Specifically how to be empathetic.

We used this guideline:

  1. Share your experience and ask how about you?
  2. Listen and then ask how do you feel about that?
  3. listen well, so that you understand their story and then share a similar life experience you had.

 

Planning lesson writing task

This weeks topic was “How do you plan. . . ?”

I noticed that my students didn’t understand what this question meant. They thought it was asking what their holiday plans were at first.

“How do you . . . ” questions are asking for a step by step procedure.

For example:

How do you make rice?

First you wash the rice with cold water. This will remove the starch. Next you let the rice soak in water. The longer it soaks the quicker it will cook. After that you should drain the rice. . . etc

The four questions were:

How do you plan your holiday?

How do you plan a special occasion?

How do you plan a work week?

How do you plan your career?

As an example, my answer to the question “How do you plan your holidays?” is:

First I  decide where I want to go. Then, my wife and I check the calendar to find out when we can go. After that we book the tickets if we need too . . .

After that we discussed various statements about planning methods.

Making lists of things to do is a waste of time.

You should plan your retirement from an early age.

If you make a plan, you should stick to it.

There are some things you can’t plan for.

We had a very interesting conversation about the statements.

For homework I set the task write a paragraph about whether or not you agree with the final statement “There are some things you can’t plan for.”

Here is a sample paragraph from one of the other statements:

 

Some people say that making lists of things to do is a waste of time. I disagree with this statement for the following reasons. First, making a list doesn’t take much time to do. It shouldn’t take longer than five minutes to make a lists of things you need to do that day. Secondly,  even if you have a great memory, it’s still easy to forget things. Making a list can help you remember. Just don’t forget you made a list. Thirdly, it can speed up the amount of work you do rather than waste it as you can easily see what needs to be done. For these reasons, I often make lists of things to do.

 

The paragraph has a topic sentence.

three supporting points

a conclusion.

Now it’s your turn.